There used to be a monastery in the Karla cave complex dating back to the 2nd century BC. In the complex there are viharas or places where monks lived. The artistic decoration of the caves is of the Hinayana and Mahayana sect of Buddhism.
It is a modest climb to the cave and well worth it. On the way to the cave, you will come across waterfalls, and the view from the top is absolutely amazing. The cave has a huge prayer hall where the Stupa is situated and there is a veranda in the front. There are beautiful sculptures of men, women, and animals in the cave.
The most interesting part of the caves is that the roof of the hall is fitted with actual wooded ribs. And the wood is absolutely intact!
Donations and support from many individuals, a prince of a Marathi family, merchants, monks, nuns, and other lay people, helped in setting up this complex.